Wednesday, 24 February 2021

Book: Na-ion Batteries


There is an excellent new book published by Wiley on Na-ion Batteries. This book is highly recommended to anyone who would like to understand the current status of Na-ion battery technology. Covers active materials to commercialization. The future of energy storage in sodium!

This book covers both the fundamental and applied aspects of advanced Na-ion batteries (NIB) which have proven to be a potential challenger to Li-ion batteries. Both the chemistry and design of positive and negative electrode materials are examined. In NIB, the electrolyte is also a crucial part of the batteries and the recent research, showing a possible alternative to classical electrolytes – with the development of ionic liquid-based electrolytes – is also explored.

Cycling performance in NIB is also strongly associated with the quality of the electrode-electrolyte interface, where electrolyte degradation takes place; thus, Na-ion Batteries details the recent achievements in furthering knowledge of this interface. Finally, as the ultimate goal is commercialization of this new electrical storage technology, the last chapters are dedicated to the industrial point of view, given by two start-up companies, who developed two different NIB chemistries for complementary applications and markets.

Our group has written the chapter on commercialization of Faradion's Na-ion technology.


1. Layered NaMO2 for the Positive Electrode, Shinichi Komaba and Kei Kubota.
2. Polyanionic-Type Compounds as Positive Electrodes for Na-ion batteries, Long H. B. Nguyen, Fan Chen, Christian Masquelier and
Laurence Croguennec.
3. Hard Carbon for Na-ion Batteries: From Synthesis to Performance and Storage Mechanism, Carolina Del Mar Saavedra Rios, Adrian Beda, Loic Simonin and Camélia Matei Ghimbeu.
4. Non-Carbonaceous Negative Electrodes in Sodium Batteries, Vincent Gabaudan, Moulay Tahar Sougrati, Lorenzo Stievano
and Laure Monconduit.
5. Electrolytes for Sodium Batteries, Faezeh Makhlooghiazad, Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, Patrik Johansson and Maria Forsyth.
6. Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Na-ion batteries, Le Anh Ma, Ronnie Mogensen, Andrew J. Naylor and Reza Younesi.
7. Batteries Containing Prussian Blue Analogue Electrodes, Colin D. Wessells.
8. The Design, Performance and Commercialization of Faradion’s Non-aqueous Na-ion Battery Technology, Ashish Rudola, Fazlil Coowar, Richard Heap and Jerry Barker.

Edited by

Laure Monconduit, CNRS, University of Montpellier, France
Laurence Croguennec, CNRS, University of Bordeaux, France

ISBN : 9781789450132

Publication Date : March 2021

Hardcover 370 pp

165.00 USD

Wednesday, 17 February 2021

Commercialisation of High Energy Density Sodium-ion Batteries: Faradion's Journey and Outlook

Hi Everyone,

Our recent review article has published in Journal of Materials Chemistry A:!divAbstract


There is no doubt that rechargeable batteries will play a huge role in the future of the world. Sodium-ion (Na-ion) batteries might be the ideal middle-ground between high performance delivered by the modern lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery, desire for low costs and long-term sustainability. To commercialise the Na-ion technology, Faradion was founded in 2011 as the world’s first non-aqueous Na-ion battery company. Over the years, we have made rapid progress in increasing the all-around performance of Na-ion batteries, benefitting from decades’ worth of industry experience and prior Na-ion as well as Li-ion academic research. The Faradion Na-ion chemistry can now exceed the energy densities of LiFePO4//Graphite Li-ion batteries with rapidly converging cycle lives, similar rate performance and charge acceptance. In addition, our technology makes use of lower materials costs, offers improved safety through the use of high flash point electrolytes and has the ability to be discharged to zero volts for storage and transportation. In this article, Faradion’s step-by-step progress in the Na-ion technology will be discussed together with a general picture of how our Na-ion chemistry compares with other Na-ion systems and commercially available Li-ion technology. Finally, the importance of starting experimental testing on new materials, keeping commercially-relevant protocols in mind, will be illustrated by clearly highlighting the drastic effects of some crucial experimental factors. By sharing such industry know-how, Faradion hopes researchers worldwide will adopt such experimental protocols as routine methodology in the laboratory. These simple measures can significantly shorten the path from a new invention to commercial application, while also ensuring that the battery-related literature conveys the true commercial feasibility of an invention or discovery to the general public.

Sodium-ion Batteries

Hi everyone,

The wikipedia page on Na-ion Batteries has been thoroughly updated and revised and now represents a really good introduction to the current status of this important, new energy storage technology:

The history of the technology is covered plus the background status from active materials through to current-day commercialization. A good summary of all the companies currently active in this space is given, including Faradion:

Faradion Limited: Founded in 2011 in the United Kingdom, their chief cell design uses oxide cathodes with hard carbon anode and a liquid electrolyte. Their pouch cells have energy densities comparable to commercial Li-ion batteries (140 – 150 Wh/kg at cell-level) with good rate performance till 3C and cycle lives of 300 (100% depth of discharge) to over 1,000 cycles (80% depth of discharge).The viability of its scaled-up battery packs for e-bike and e-scooter applications has been shown.They have also demonstrated transporting sodium-ion cells in the shorted state (at 0 V), effectively eliminating any risks from commercial transport of such cells. The company's CTO is Dr. Jerry Barker, co-inventor of several popularly used lithium-ion and sodium-ion electrode materials such as LiM1M2PO4, Li3M2(PO4)3, and Na3M2(PO4)2F3 and the carbothermal reduction method of synthesis for battery electrode materials.

The future of energy storage is Sodium-ion!

Saturday, 5 December 2020

Jerry Barker: AVID Technology Podcast

Hi All,

I recently recorded a podcast with Ryan Maughan of AVID Technology. You can find the podcast here:

or via the AVID Technology webpage, which also has the links to the various platforms at the bottom of the page.

I managed to talk about everything regarding the development of Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, plus a bit about photovoltaics and conducting polymers.


Friday, 27 November 2020

Faraday Institution Annual Conference 2020

Hi All,

Yesterday (November 26) I participated in the Faraday Institution's annual conference for 2020. This year's conference was delivered on-line: 

I gave an invited presentation in the session entitled Pathways to Commercialization and early Faraday Institution Successes, chaired by Ian Ellerington. Here is the first slide:

Friday, 31 July 2020

Sodium-ion batteries can get ahead in the power game


Here is a link to a good recent article in The Engineer on Faradion and its Na-ion battery technology.

Dr Chris Wright, who was one of the pioneers of commercialising lithium-ion technology, saw potential in sodium-ion in 2011, and co-founded Faradion with Jerry Barker to develop sodium-ion technology and bring it to market. After announcing our first major orders from ICM Australia, then for heavy-goods vehicles in India with Infraprime Logistics Technologies in June, we’ve had nearly 120 requests for partnership in the period of just four weeks.



Thursday, 23 July 2020

JB: Career Commercial Highlights

Hi Everyone,

Here is a summary graphic of my career commercial highlights - starting with the electrodeposition of II-IV compound semiconductors for BP Solar in the early 1990's up until the present-day Na-ion Battery Technology at Faradion. I decided to include the Tiamat highlight as this company is using my NVPF cathode material - discovered and patented during my time at Valence Technology in the early 2000's.

It has been quite an eventful ride - but that is 6 commercial successes so far. There must be one or two more still to go!

Cheers, Jerry

Wednesday, 15 July 2020

ACS C&EN article: Can Europe be a contender in electric-vehicle batteries?

Hi everyone,

Nice article in ACS Chemical and Engineering News (July 13, 2020) by my friend Alex Scott on the current status of Li-ion manufacturing in Europe:

Today, Europe’s share of that market is a mere 3%. But with the battery making up about 40% of the value of an electric vehicle, Europe is waking up to the notion that whoever controls a region’s lithium-ion battery supply chain also wields much control over its lucrative car industry and the hundreds of thousands of jobs that go with it.

Some nice quotes, later in the article (where does Alex get these from?):

The challenge for the UK, as with other European countries, is that it has to put together a battery supply chain that Asian producers already have in place.

“We rely on supplies of some of the critical cell components and precursors from the Far East,” says Jerry Barker, chief technology officer for the UK sodium-ion battery firm Faradion. “It would be far better if we had a reliable, local, UK-based supply chain for cathode, anode, and electrolyte as well as the cell hardware such as separator and current collectors.”

Wednesday, 1 July 2020

Australia's StorEnergy training centre - Leading the way in renewable battery technology

Hi Everyone,
Led by my good friend and colleague, Professor Maria Forsyth, the StorEnergy training centre aims to challenge existing thinking and expand Australia’s capacity in energy storage and production. The centre will create new knowledge and intellectual property in advanced energy materials, batteries and battery-control systems for integration into end user industries.
Working with 14 organisations across government and industry, and four other Australian universities, researchers at the centre will facilitate small to medium-sized enterprises to take a global leadership role in advancing and producing new age storage technologies. By harnessing the expertise of researchers and industry partners, the StorEnergy centre aims to deliver benefit to our economy, the community and the environment.
I am on the advisory board - but looking very serious: